Sri Vedapureesar Temple, Thiruvedikkudi, Thanjavur - 275 Shiva Temples

14. Sri Vedapureesar Temple, Thiruvedikkudi, Thanjavur (Chola Nadu - South of Kaveri):

Names of God : Sri Vedhapureeswarar, Sri Vaazhai Madu Nathar
Name of Goddess : Sri Mangayarkkarasi
Holy water (Theertham) : Veda Theertham
Sacred Tree (Sthala Vriksham) : Vilvam tree.
Thevaram : Thirunavukkarasar ; Thiru Gnana Sambandhar
District : Thanjavur.
Location : Thanjavur.
Timings : 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon and from 06:00 p.m. to 08:00 p.m

For Complete List of 275 Shiva Temples : Click Here

This is the 14th sthalam on the southern side of river Cauvery. Appar and Thiruganasambandar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple. Tiruvedikudi is a village near Tanjore town in South India. It is located at a distance of around 1 km from Tirukkandiyur, which in turn is located near Tiruvaiyaru. The village has an important temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is considered as the 14th among the Tevara Paadal Petra Stalams (274 most important temples of Lord Shiva) located in the Chola region south of Cauvery river.

Important Features:
  • Appar and Sambandar have revered the temple in their verses in Tevaram.
  • Considered as the fourth of Tiruchakrapalli Sapta Stana Stalams.
  • It was believed that moolavar came from banana madu.
  • The moolavar vimanam was built out of stone.
  • There is a separate temple for Ambal out side main temple, which has no compound wall.
  • Main temple is below the ground level.
  • This place is also known as sathurvedha mangalam.
  • Parikara stahalam for removing obstacles to the Marriages.
As per the legend, Surya, Vishnu, Brahma, Vedas, Vyasa and Indira worshipped Lord Shiva in this temple. As the Vedas worshipped Shiva here, it is called as Vedikudi.

As per another legend, a Chola King was worried as his daughter did not get married for long. After coming to this temple worshiping Lord Shiva, his daughter got married. Hence, he renamed his daughter as Mangayarkarasi after the Goddess of the temple.

The temple which belongs to the period of Aditya Chola has three tiered tower (Raja gopuram) and is facing towards the east direction.

The main deity Vedapureeswarar is found in the form of a Shiva Linga in sanctum sanctorum. As the site was a plantain field in those days, the deity is also called as Vazhaimadu Nathar. It is believed that he gives boon of marriage for unmarried young people and people would become scholars in Vedas by worshiping him.

Mangayarkarasi is found in a separate south facing shrine.

The other idols found in the temple include 108 Shiva Linga, Subramanya, Chevi Saitha Vinayakar, Maha Lakshmi, Nataraja, Chandikeshwarar and Sapta Stana Shiva Lingas.

Ganesha idol in the Maha mandapa is named as Veda Vinayaka.

The vimana and the wall around the sanctum sanctorum are artistically beautiful and are adorned with a lot of sculptures. Ardhanareeswara, Dakshinamurti, Brahma and Durga are found as the niche idols. Ardhanareeswara idol is unique. The right portion of the idol is female (Shakti) and the left portion is male (Shiva). Usually, it would be the other way round in other temples.

History / Legend:

Saint Tirugnanasambandar had sung the glory of Lord in all his hymns. In his pathigam (10 verses) worshiping the Lord of the temple, in the seventh verse, he mentions His mercy on those aspiring an auspicious wedding. Generally, the Arthanareeswara form of Lord Shiva has Shakti on the left. But with a view to give importance to womanhood, Lord is on the left and Mother on the right in the Arthanareeswara form in this Tiruvedhikudi temple.

An Asuran grabbed the Vedas from Lord Brahma and went deep inside the sea, Sri Maha Vishnu to the Avathar and got back the Vedas from the Asuran. All the Vedas which were along with the asuras, got the Dosham of being along with them, as a result all the Vedas performed Tapas towards Siva Perumaan of this sthalam, since all the Vedas performed tapas, this sthalam is called as "Tiru Vedhikkudi" and Siva Perumaan is called as "Vedhupureeswarar".

The legend has that Sage Shiladha underwent severe austerities and worshipped Lord Shiva for a virtuous offspring. Subsequently, Lord Nandikeshwara was born to him. Lord Nandikeshwara was chief of Ganas and the prime attendant of Lord Shiva. In due course of time, Lord arranged marriage of Nandikeshwara with the daughter of Sage Vyagrapadha. The marriage was took place in Thirumazhaipadi. The compassionate Lord accompanied the celestial couple and visited Saptha Sthana Sthalangal to perform one of the Vedhic rituals Sapthapadhi. In this way, Lord Nandikeshwara completed his marriage vow by visiting Thiruaiyarappar at Thiruvaiyaru, Thiru Abathsahayeswarar at Thirupazhanam, Thiru Uddhavaneswarar at Thiruchotruthurai, Thirukkandeswarar at Thirukkandiyur, Thiru Pushpavanathar at Thirupanthuruthi and Thiru Neyyadiappar at Thiruneithanam respectively. In order to commemorate this divine incident, every year a famous festival takes places in the Saptha Sthana Sthalangal. During this time, the idol of the presiding deity of Thiruvedhikkudi will be taken out for procession in a beautifully decorated palanquin to visit the seven shrines of Lord Shiva known for Saptha Sthana Sthalangal accompanied by the village deity.

Location: This temple is located at Tiruvedhikudi, 7 Kms from Tiruvaiyaru. Town bus facilities are available from Tiruvaiyaru. Two other paadal petra sthalams Tirukkandiyur and Tiruchottruthurai are located in the vicinity of Tiruvedhikudi. Only mini bus is available to this village, which is 3 to 4 KM from Kandiyur and the frequency is unpredictable. The best option is to take an auto from Thirukandiyur.

Temple Address & Contact Details:

Arulmighu Vedapureesar Temple
Tiruvedhikudi
Tirukandiyur Post
Tiruvaiyaru Taluk
Thanjavur district
PIN 613202
Phone: +91-93451 04187, +91-4362-262 334, 93451 04187, 98429 78302.

Glimpse Of Sri Vedapureesar Temple:

Sri Vedapureesar Temple, Thiruvedikkudi, Thanjavur - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Vedapureesar Temple, Thiruvedikkudi, Thanjavur - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Vedapureesar Temple, Thiruvedikkudi, Thanjavur - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Vedapureesar Temple, Thiruvedikkudi, Thanjavur - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Vedapureesar Temple, Thiruvedikkudi, Thanjavur - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Vedapureesar Temple, Thiruvedikkudi, Thanjavur - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Vedapureesar Temple, Thiruvedikkudi, Thanjavur - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Vedapureesar Temple, Thiruvedikkudi, Thanjavur - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Tholaiyaselvanathar Temple, Thiruchotrutturai, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples

13. Sri Tholaiyaselvanathar Temple, Thiruchotrutturai, Thiruvaiyaru (Chola Nadu - South of Kaveri):

Names of God : Sri Chortruthurai Nathar, Sri Othavaneeswarar, Sri Tholaya Selva Nathar
Name of Goddess : Sri Anna Poorani, Sri Tholaya Selvi
Holy water (Theertham) : Surya Theertham, Kudamurti River/Cauvery Theertham
Sacred Tree (Sthala Vriksham) : Vilvam tree.
Thevaram : Thirunavukkarasar ; Thiru Gnana Sambandhar ; Sundarar
District : Thanjavur.
Location : Thiruvaiyaru.
Timings : 06:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. and from 04:00 p.m. to 07:30 p.m

For Complete List of 275 Shiva Temples : Click Here

This is the 13th sthalam on the southern side of river Cauvery. Moovar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple. Tiruchotruturai is a small village near Tanjore town in South India. The temple has an important temple for Lord Shiva - Odhanavaneswarar temple. It is considered as the 13th among the Tevara Paadal Petra Stalams (274 most important temples of Lord Shiva) located in Chola region south of Cauvery river.

Important Features:
  • Sundarar, Sambhandar and Appar have revered the temple in their verses in Tevaram.
  • It is considered as the 3rd of Tiruvaiyaru Sapta Stana temples.
  • It is believed that Arunagiri Nathar, Brahma, Vishnu, Indiran, Gouthama Maharishi and Suryan worshiped Lord Shiva in this temple.
  • There is no Kodimaram and Rajagopuram.
The east facing temple built during the Chola period does not have tower. The main shrine is long divided into three divisions - sanctum sanctorum (moolasthan), Ardha mandapa and Maha mandapa. Lord Odhanavaneswarar in a big Shiva Linga form is found in the sanctum.

Maha Mandapam has Nandi idol facing the sanctum. In addition, the idols of Ganesha, Kasi Linga and the couple who got Akshaya bowl from the Lord, are all located in Maha mandapa.

The inner prakara (corridor) has the sub shrine of a beautiful Maha Ganapati. There are a lot of idols located across the entire prakara such as a beautiful sculpture of Adikara Nandi, Lingotbava, Navagraha, Surya, Bhairava, Sapta Mata, Pancha Lingams, Sapta Stana Lingams, three more Shiva Lingas, two Ganeshas, Ayyanar, etc.

Ganesha, Dakshinamurthy, Vishnu, Brahma and Durga along with Chandikeshwarar in a sub-shrine are present as Koshta deities on the outer wall of sanctum. The vimana and the outer wall look old and attractive.

The right side of sanctum has two big shrines - one dedicated to Arumuga Nayanar - Subramanya with six heads and another to Maha Siddhar.

The open area outside the main shrine has flag staff, bali peeta and a Nandi idol facing towards the main deity.

There is a separate shrine for Goddess Anna Poorani aka Oppilambigai. She is found in her wedding attire. A separate Nandi idol is found facing her shrine too. Small idols of Ganesha and Subramanya are placed at the entrance of the shrine.

There are inscriptions of Chola period starting from Aditya Chola I found in this temple complex.

History / Legend:

As per the legend, Gautama Rishi cursed Indira and Indira got rid of his sin by worshiping Lord Shiva in this site.

As per another legend, after Lord Rama left to forest, his father, the king Dasrath came here and worshiped Lord Shiva.

Thanks to the blessing of the God and Goddess of the temple, rice instead of paddy (unhusked rice) were grown once in the nearby fields. Also the nearby lake got rice instead of water to ensure the people of this region do not experience hungry. Hence, the Lord is called as 'Chotruturai Nathar' and the Goddess is named as 'Anna Poorani' whereas the words Choru and Annam refer food/rice.

It is also said that the Lord gave Akshaya bowl for a couple to remove their poverty.

As the very name of the Lord Chottruthurai Nathar suggests, Lord not only offers adequate food to His devotees but it also means that He ensures total salvation to the souls. The place, Tiru Chottru Thurai is one among the seven places where Lord fed His devotees. This is the third among the Ezhu-seven places beginning from Tiruvaiyaru, Tirupazhanam. Saints Ramalinga Vallalar and Arunagiriar had praised this temple in their hymns. Lords Brahmma and Vishnu, Sage Gautama, Sun God and Indira worshiped Lord in this temple. Indira got a highest position. Sage Gautama attained salvation. The wedding festival of Nandhi Bahagwan and Suyam Prakasai daughter of Sage Vyakrapada is celebrated on the Punarvasu star day in the month of Panguni-March-April.

Brahmmotsavam is celebrated for Lord Aiarappar in Chithirai-April-May. On the final day of the festival, Nandideva-Suyam Prakasai and Aiyarappar-Aramvalartha Nayaki begin their festival journey in separate palanquins from Tiruvaiyaru at about 6.00 a.m. and reach Tirupazhanam where they are received by Lord Aabathsahayar and Mother Periyanayaki. They join the group and proceed to Tiruchottruthurai. They are received at the border by Lord Chottruthurai Nathar and Mother Annapoorani. Feeding takes place here. The procession continues towards Tiruvedikudi.

Once, a severe famine struck the place. A Shiva devotee, Arulalan by name, men, women and children were suffering from starvation. Arulalan cried to Lord that He should come to rescue the people to save them from starvation deaths. The priest stopped coming to the temple long back. A temple staff coming to light a lamp in the evening also fell down due to hunger. The temple was dark. Arulalar, sitting in the dark temple wept and dashed against the entrance steps and cried for help. It suddenly began to rain incessantly and the whole place was inundated with flood water. A bowl came floating in floods. Arulalar picked it up. He heard a voice saying that it was a Akshaya Patra which will never go dry and would be feeding the people to quench their hunger. Rice, dal, ghee and curry poured from the divine bowl. People’s joy knew no bounds.

Those facing delays in wedding pray to Nandhi Wedding festival celebrated in Chithirai – April-May for removal of obstacles in their case. Devotees offer vastras to Lord and Mother and contribute for the temple renovation projects.

Location: This temple is located 4 Kms from TiruKandiyur at Tiruchottruthurai and is about 13 Kms from Thanjavur. Town bus facilities are available from Tiruvaiyaru. Another paadal petra sivasthalam Tiruvedhikudi is located 3 Kms to the south from Tiruchottruthurai.

Temple Address & Contact Details:

Arulmighu Tholaiyaselva Nathar Temple
Tiruchottruthurai Post
Via Tirukandiyur S.O.
Tiruvaiyaru Taluk
Thanjavur district
PIN 613202
Phone: +91 99438 84377.

Glimpse Of Sri Tholaiyaselvanathar Temple:

Sri Tholaiyaselvanathar Temple, Thiruchotrutturai, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Tholaiyaselvanathar Temple, Thiruchotrutturai, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Tholaiyaselvanathar Temple, Thiruchotrutturai, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Tholaiyaselvanathar Temple, Thiruchotrutturai, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Tholaiyaselvanathar Temple, Thiruchotrutturai, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Tholaiyaselvanathar Temple, Thiruchotrutturai, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Tholaiyaselvanathar Temple, Thiruchotrutturai, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Tholaiyaselvanathar Temple, Thiruchotrutturai, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Tholaiyaselvanathar Temple, Thiruchotrutturai, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Tholaiyaselvanathar Temple, Thiruchotrutturai, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples

12. Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru (Chola Nadu - South of Kaveri):

Names of God : Sri Brahmasirakkandeswarar, Sri Veerateswarar, Sri Brahmanathar, Sri Aathivilvanathar
Name of Goddess : Sri Mangala Nayaki, Sri Mangalambikai
Holy water (Theertham) : Kapala Theertham, Daksha Theertham, Brahma Theertham, Pathal Ganga, Nandi Theertham
Sacred Tree (Sthala Vriksham) : Vilvam tree.
Thevaram : Appar ; Sambandhar
District : Thanjavur.
Location : Thiruvaiyaru.
Timings : 06:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. and from 04:00 p.m. to 08:00 p.m

For Complete List of 275 Shiva Temples : Click Here

This is the 12th sthalam on the southern side of river Cauvery. Thiruganasambandar and Appar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple. Thirukandiyur or Kandiyur is the site where Shiva curbed the ego of Brahma by cutting off his fifth head. It is believed that, at the beginning of creation, Brahma had 5 heads, and as he created one form of life after another, his ego grew, until he felt that he was the greatest of the gods. Shiva decided to teach him a lesson, and cut off Brahma's fifth head, which stood on top of the other four. Brahma at once realized his error, and prayed to Shiva, asking for forgiveness. This temple also figures among the Saptha Sthaanam temples.

Important Features:
  • This is the one of the eight Veeratta Sthalam and fifth in saptha sthana sthalam.
  • Lord Shiva cut the fifth head of Brhahma with his trishula.
  • High walled outer prakaram.
  • Nandhi seen here is bigger in size.
  • Rajagopuram is of 5 tiers.
  • Raja ganapathy is on the left side and Linghotbhavar on the right side with Dwarabalakars.
  • The temple is at lower level than the road.
  • Ambal sannadhi is on the left side of moolavar.
  • Unique ARTHANAAREESWARAR in sitting posture (Last image of this post).
The main deity here is the Brahma Shira Kandeeswarar. There is no bronze idol depicting the story of this temple. The goddess is Mangalambigai. There is a statue of Brahma and Saraswati to the left of the lingam, facing it, in a separate sanctum.

Kandiyur has the distinction of being one among two sets of temples - one of the Saptha Sthaanam temples and as well as one of the Ashta Veeratta Sthalams - temples where Shiva has shown his power by overcoming someone. Here, at Kandiyur, he crushed the ego of Brahma by plucking off his fifth head. He is therefore known as Brahma Shira Kandeeswarar. Hence the name - Kandiyur. The Devi here is Mangalambigai.

An interesting thing about this temple, and indeed, many other temples in this area (Thanjavur, Thiruvaiyaru and Kumbakonam) is the position of the Navagrahas. Generally, the Navagrahas have Surya in the middle, with the eight others facing in different directions. However, in many of these temples, all the eight face Surya. Another interesting thing is that Surya is accompanied by his wives, Usha and Sandhya.

The Rajagopuram with five stages stands majestically. Armoured Flag-post, Nandi and altar are seen. Lord Vinayakar is seen in the Flag-post. In the inscription, this Lord is noted as “Thiruveerattaanaththu mahaadevar, Thirukkandiyur utaiya mahadevar”.

The sanctum of Dandapaani is a separate temple with a mandapam. In the ‘saptha-sthaana’ festival, the Lord takes a procession. Ambal stands south facing with four arms and with ‘abhayavaratham’ (refuge sign). Within are the sanctum of Vinayagar, Subrahmanya with Valli-Deivanai, Mahalakshmi, Nataraja, Vishnu-Durgai, Bhairavar, many kinds of Vinayagar and Ardhanaareeswarar in the sitting posture. Chandeswarar is in separate temple. Brahman, Lingodhbavar, Dakshinamaurthi, and Bhikshaadanar appear as koshta murthis.

History / Legend:

Near the door-guards (dwaarapaalar), is the image of Sage Saathaathaapar, and the sanctum of Kaalathinaathar, who revealed Himself to Sage Saathaathaapar, Sapthasthaana Lingams and Panchabhuta Lingams. In the Navagrahas’ sanctum the Sungod is seen with his two spouses. The Prime Deity a Swayambu murthi, is on a slightly high pedestal. The statues of Brahma and Saraswathi are near the sanctum of the Lord. The statue of seated Brahma looks lovely appearing with folded hands in prayer holding flower and rosary. After plucking his head, Brahman prayed to the Lord to restore his beauty. The Lord blessed him to get back the beauty of his five faces in his four countenances and Brahma gladly received this benediction.

To pluck the head of Brahma, the Lord assumed the garb of a hunter. A small statue of this form is seen near the left side of the door that leads to the sanctum of Brahman opposite to the Lord’s sanctum. In the sanctum of Navagraha, a dais is built with provision to light lamps and worship.

Since one head, out of the five heads of Brahman was plucked this place came to be known as ‘Kandanapuram’ or ‘Kandiyur’. The Lord brought the Bael Tree from Mount Kailas for Sage Saathaathaapar; so this holy place is also called “Aadi Vilvaaranyam”. Sage Saathaathaapar used to go to Kaalahasti on the ‘pradosham’ day to have darshan of the Lord. Once when he came to Kandiyur, he could not go to Kalahasti in time. The legend is that the Lord graced him with the Kalahasti darshan at Kandiyur itself. This sacred site is also the place to placate the Brahmahathi curse.

The legend has that Lord Shiva plucked one of the five heads of Lord Brahma which represents five elements of the Nature, as a result Lord Shiva was afflicted with Brahmahathi sin. Due to the curse, Lord Shiva lost his glories, he underwent severe penance and visited temples of Lord Vishnu to get rid of the sin. Lord Shiva arrived at Karambanur, visited Lord Purushothamar and Goddess Poornavalli Thayar’s Temple. The most compassionate Goddess Poornavalli Thayar served with food to Lord Shiva and the curse was removed partially, thus his persistent hunger was removed. But Lord Brahma’s skull remains stuck on Lord Shiva’s hand. At the divine instruction of Lord Purushothamar, Lord Shiva arrived in Thirukkandiyur. Lord Shiva worshipped Lord Kamalanathar and entirely eradicated from the sin of Brahmahathya.

Devotees worship this Lord to get rid off ‘Brahmahathi’ curse and to become beautiful. Devotees can perform abhishekam to the Lord and Ambal, and adorn them with new clothes.

Location: This temple is located 11 Kms from Thanjavur and 3 Kms from Tiruvaiyaru on the Thanjavur - Tiruvaiyaru road. Town bus facilities are available from Tiruvaiyaru. Other paadal petra sthalams in and around Tirukandiyur are Tirupoonturuthi, Tiruchotruturai and Tiruvedhikudi. One of the 108 Divya Desam shrines of Lord Vishnu is also situated at Tirukkandiyur near the Shiva temple.

Temple Address & Contact Details:

Arulmighu Brahmasirakandeeswarar Temple
Tirukandiyur Post
Tiruvaiyaru Taluk
Thanjavur district
PIN 613202
Phone: +91 4362 261 100, and +91 4362 262 222.

Glimpse Of Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple:

Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar Temple, Thirukkandiyur, Thiruvaiyaru - 275 Shiva Temples