Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples

42. Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Thirunandudevankudi (Nandankoil), Mayiladuthurai (Chola Nadu - North of Kaveri):

Names of God : Sri Karkadakeswarar (Karkadam – Nandu)
Name of Goddess : Sri Arumarunthammai, Sri Apoorvanayagi
Holy water (Theertham) : Navabashanam.
Sacred Tree (Sthala Vriksham) : Nangai tree.
Thevaram : Sambandar
District : Nagapattinam.
Location : Mayiladuthurai.
Timings : 09:00 a.m. to 01:30 p.m. and from 04:00 p.m. to 07:00 p.m.

For Complete List of 275 Shiva Temples : Click Here

This is the 42nd sthalam on the northern side of river Cauvery. Thiruganasambandar has sung hymns in praise of Lord shiva of this temple. This is a vast temple surrounded by a moat near Tiruvidaimarudur. Much of this area is surrounded by fields and shrubs. Close by is the Tiruvisalur temple dedicated to Yoganandeswarar (Tiruviyalur). It is speculated that the original name of this now non-existent village must have been Tiru Nandu Devan Kudi.

There are two shrines to Ambal here, Arumarundu Nayaki and Apoorva Nayaki. The moat surrounding the temple is the Tirumaruvum Poikai. This vast temple has been in a ruined state, even in the late 1970s. It has been described as a 'pathetic spectacle of fallen glory and local indifference'.

This temple covers an area of over 72,000 sqare feet. The legend of a crab offering worship to Shiva, is depicted in a panel on a stone pillar. This ancient brick and mortar temple was converted to a stone temple during the rule of Kulottunga I (1075-1120). The Ambal shrine also came into being then, as seen from inscriptions from the year 1117. Inscriptions from the period of Vikrama Chola and Rajadiraja II are also seen here. No later inscriptions are seen, and the temple seems to have gone into a state of insignificance after the Chola rule.

Sri Vinayaka of the temple is worshipped as Karkadaka Vinayaka. Lord Muruga with His consorts Valli and Deivanai graces from a shrine in the prakara. Lord Nataraja appears in a Sudha Sculpture. There is no shrine for the Navagrahas the nine planets. As Indira realized his mistake and corrected (Thirundhuthal in Tamil), the place is named Tirundhudevan Kudi, the name is not familiar with the people of the locality. They know the place as Nandu Koil only.

It is believed that the vegetation covering the temple may be of medicinal value. It is speculated that in the days of its glory, this village would have been a medical care center with an Ayurvedic dispensary, providing herbal remedies to various ailments.

Maha Shivrathri in February-March and Tirukarthikai in November-December are the festivals celebrated in the temple.

History / Legend:

Sage Durvasa was engaged in his Shiva Puja when a Gandharva (a community in the celestial world) mocked at his old age appearance. The sage did not mind it. Yet, the Gandharva continued the mischief and even called him by clapping hand moved before him as a cancer-Nandu. Angry sage cursed him born a Nandu. Realizing his folly, he sought the pardon of the sage. He was advised to perform Shiva Puja to gain his original form. He came to this place as a Nandu, bathed in the pushkarini, picked up flowers and worshiped the Lord.

Meantime, Indira the king of Devas also came to this place to perform Shiva Puja as advised by his Guru to acquire a power to conquer the demons. He used to bathe in the pushkarini and did Shiva Puja with 1008 flowers. Every day he found one flower falling short. He saw the Nandu doing puja with one flower. He thought that he was the only one worthy of doing Shiva puja and a Nandu was not qualified for the puja and tried to kill it with is sword. Lord made a hole in His Linga body to help the creature to escape Indira’s attack. Yet, the Linga was injured by the sword cut. Lord appeared before Indira and said that one cannot succeed by arrogance but by humility alone. As Lord granted salvation to Karkadaga-Nandu, He is praised as Karkadakeswarar.

Those belonging to Ayilya star are advised to pray in this temple as often as they could or on their star days or on their birthdays. It is said that the Swaymbulinga in the place was buried under the sand due to heavy floods during the reign of a Chola king who was attacked with paralysis. No treatment yielded results. He was praying to Lord Shiva for remedy. An aged couple practicing medicine came to his court and offered him the sacred ash with water. Surprisingly, the king was cured instantly and stood up majestically. He begged the old couple to stay with him as doctors of the royal family in the palace but they refused. He offered them gold and other gifts which too they declined to accept. The king promised them that he would give them anything they wished. They brought the king to this spot and asked him to build a temple for Lord Shiva. They merged with the Shivalinga there.

Realizing that the couple were none other than Lord Shiva and Mother Parvathi, the king built the temple at the place. Worshiping Shiva here ensures all cures from any illness.

There are two Ambigai's in the temple. When the king built the temple, he could not get the original Amman idol. He made a new one and installed it as Arumarundhu Nayaki – Goddess of rare medicine. Within a few days, the original idol also appeared. Installing that too, he named her Apoorva Nayaki who is the principal Goddess of the temple.

This is the temple for remedies needed for Punarvasu (Punarpoosam), Pushya (Poosam) and Ayilayam (Aslesha) star natives falling under Cancer sign in the zodiac. We can see a hole on the Linga made by a cancer (nandu) and an injury scar caused by Indira. Planet Moon is in a shrine at the entrance of the temple in meditating form as Yoga Chandra. Those undergoing Moon main period in their life are advised to offer white vastras (clothes) to Chandra if they have adverse aspects.

Aslesha-Ayila star under Karkadaga-Cancer Rasi natives have naturally medicinal powers. They also have the confidence that they can achieve this through divine backing. They should pray to Lord of this temple on their star days, new moon days, Tuesdays, Saturdays and on Ashtami days in the new moon fortnight. People of other stars too may depend on Lord Karkadeswara and Arumarundu Nayaki for cure from prolonged diseases.

There are temples dedicated to each of the 12 Rasis (Lunar Zodiac Sign) and each of the 27 Nakshatras (Birth Star). The Karkadeswarar temple is for Kataka or Karkata Rasi and Ahilyam or Ashlesha Nakshatram in particular. It is believed that people born under this rasi and nakshatram should visit this temple regularly and benefit from His blessings. People born under Ashlesha Nakshatram and/or Kataka Rasi are advised to light Nallennai vilakku (Sesame or Gingely Oil lamp) and worship Lord Shiva on ashtami (eighth day from New Moon or Full Moon), New Moon days, Tuesdays and Saturdays apart from Ahilya Nakshatram thithis to be blessed with prosperity, good health, peace of mind and overall happiness in life. People not born under this star or Rasi can also worship on the above mentioned days to be cured of any chronic illness.

Location: This temple is nowadays known as Nandaangkovil. The temple is situated surrounded by paddy fields and is located 2 Kms from another Paadal Petra Sthalam Tiruviyalur (Tiruvisainallur). Town bus services to Nandaangkovil is available from Kumbakonam.

Temple Address & Contact Details:

Arulmighu Karkadeswarar Temple
Nandaangkoil
Tiruvisalur Post
Veppattur S.O.
Kumbakonam Taluk
Thanjavur District
PIN 612105
Phone:+91 99940 15871 and +91 435 200 0240.

Glimpse Of Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple:

Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Karkadakeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Sathyagireeswarar Temple, Thiruseignalur, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples

41. Sri Sathyagireeswarar Temple, Thiruseignalur, Mayiladuthurai (Chola Nadu - North of Kaveri):

Names of God : Sri Sathyagireeswarar, Sri Sathyagirinathar
Name of Goddess : Sri Saki Devi Ammai
Holy water (Theertham) : Manniyaru.
Sacred Tree (Sthala Vriksham) : Aathi.
Thevaram : Sambandar - 1
District : Nagapattinam.
Location : Mayiladuthurai.
Timings : 07:00 a.m. to 09:00 a.m. and from 05:30 p.m. to 07:00 p.m.

For Complete List of 275 Shiva Temples : Click Here

This is the 41st sthalam on the northern side of river Cauvery. Thiruganasambandar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple. This is a maadakkovil built at an elevation. Subramanyar is of importance here, hence the name Sei Nallur. The imperial Cholas held this town in high regard. There are several inscriptions in the temple, and the town has revealed several images, building stones, Shiva Lingams upon excavation.

As a small piece of Meru Mount fell at his place, the temple is built appearing as if on a hill facing east. This is the one of the Mada temples built by Chola king Kochenganan. The temple has two prakaras, one at the top and other at the ground. The sanctum sanctorum, Artha Mandap, Maha Mandap are in the hill top. The shrines of Lords Nataraja, Bhairava, Vinayaka, Muruga, Mother Gajalakshmi and Chandikeswara are in the prakara. If one taps the wall in Mahamandap, he/she can hear bronze metal sound.

Lord Shiva blesses the devotees as a Swayambumurthy. This is the birth place of Sri Chandikeswara who blesses the devotees in all Shiva temples. Lord Bhairava’s shrine is in the Maha Mandap, which if tapped produces a bronze metal sound.The temple celebrates the birth day of Chandeswara Nayanar in the month of Thai (January-February) on the Uthiram star day.

History / Legend:

The place has twin reputation.
1) Of the 63 Nayanmars, this is the birth place Chandikeswara with Easwara title-Chandikeswara. He graces in the temple in Arthanareswara form. Tiruvaipadi nearby is the place where attained salvation. He appears majestically as Lord Shiva Himself with crescent moon, long hair, Kundalams (ear rings) and the holy Ganga on the head. Emperor Shibi, King Harichandra had worshiped Lord in this temple. Saint Arunagiriar had sung the glory of Lord Muruga of the temple in his Tirupugazh hymns. Epic poet Sekkizhar had beautifully described the reputation of the temple in his Peria Puranam. This is one of the important cities of Chola kings.

2) This is also the birth place of Acharya Priavachan Pillai an eminent scholar in Vaishnavite philosophy. He has authored elaborate commentaries on Naalaayira Divya Prapandam singing the glory of Lord Vishnu sung by the great 12 Azhwars. Among his works, the Divya Prapandha Ramayanam, picking up suitable lines from the prapandham is chanted by devout Vaishnavas as Nitya Parayana.

It so happened that Brahma was punished by Lord Muruga for not knowing the meaning of Pranava Mantra. This led to a difference of opinion between Lord Shiva and Muruga. To meet the Father’s challenge about his proficiency in the Mantra, Muruga had to act as Guru and Shiva as a disciple. The incident caused dosha to Muruga. He came to this place, created a spring and worshiped Shiva and got relieved of the dosha. Also, on His way to destroy demon Surapanma, Lord Muruga worshiped Lord Shiva here and got the weapon of Rudra Pasupatha missile. Divine sculptor Deva Thachan built a great city here for Kumara (Muruga) the place was named Kumarapuram then. As Child (Sei in Tamil) Muruga worshiped here, the place is also known as Sei Nal Oor-Seignalur. There is big shrine for Muruga in the temple.

In the contest between Adisesha and Vayu regarding their prowess, the former held the Meru Mount tightly. Vayu blew violently to break the mount. A small piece fell at this place. Hence, the place was named Satyagiri. Visara Saruman is the son of a Brahmin Echa Thathan and Pavithra. is holy thread ritual-Upanayanam- took place when he was seven as per vedic order. Visara Saruman spent his days in the devotion to Lord Shiva. He was the shepherd to the cows owned by the Brahmins of the place. He also made a Shiva Linga of the sand of Manniyaru River and used the milk of the cows for abishek. Even after offering enough milk to Visara Saruman for his puja, the cows still gave full quantity of milk to their owners. Knowing this, the Brahmins complained that he was wasting the milk meant for Yajnas. His father too joined the opposition. While Visara Saruma was deeply engaged in his Shiva Puja, his father not only attacked the son but upset the milk pots. In his deep concentration on Shiva puja, not knowing that the assailant was his father, he returned the attack with a stick which turned into an axe and cut his legs. Lord Shiva appeared before Visara Saruma with Mother Parvathi, honoured him with His Kondrai garland and said, “As you have now lost your father, I shall be your father henceforth” and offered the title Easwara – Chandikeswara.

Location: Travel by bus that goes from Kumbakonam to Anaikkarai via Tiruppanandal and get down at Chenganur stop and go through a small branch road for about 1 Km to reach the temple.

Temple Address & Contact Details:

Arulmighu Sathyagireeswarar Temple
Chenganur
Tiruppanandal Post
Tiruvidaimarudur Taluk
Thanjavur District
PIN 612504
Phone: 93459 82373 and 0435 2457 459.

Glimpse Of Sri Sathyagireeswarar Temple:

Sri Sathyagireeswarar Temple, Thiruseignalur, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Sathyagireeswarar Temple, Thiruseignalur, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Sathyagireeswarar Temple, Thiruseignalur, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Sathyagireeswarar Temple, Thiruseignalur, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Sathyagireeswarar Temple, Thiruseignalur, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Sathyagireeswarar Temple, Thiruseignalur, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Sathyagireeswarar Temple, Thiruseignalur, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Sathyagireeswarar Temple, Thiruseignalur, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Sathyagireeswarar Temple, Thiruseignalur, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Balugandha Natha Swami Temple, Thiruvappadi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples

40. Sri Balugandha Natha Swami Temple, Thiruvappadi, Mayiladuthurai (Chola Nadu - North of Kaveri):

Names of God : Sri Balugandha Natha Swami, Sri Balugandheeswarar
Name of Goddess : Sri Birugandha Nayagi, Sri Periyanayagi
Holy water (Theertham) : Manniyaru.
Sacred Tree (Sthala Vriksham) : Aathi.
Thevaram : Thirunavukarasar - 1
District : Nagapattinam.
Location : Mayiladuthurai.
Timings : 08:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon and from 05:00 p.m. to 08:00 p.m.

For Complete List of 275 Shiva Temples : Click Here

This is the 40th sthalam on the northern side of river Cauvery. Appar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple. This Shrine is located at a distance of 11 km from Aaduturai near Kumbhakonam. This temple is said to have been located on the banks of the Manniyaru before it changed its course. Several natural springs are seen in the temple during the monsoon months.

The front Mandap of the temple is designed as the forehead of bats. Mother’s shrine at the right is facing south. The shrines of Lord Bhairava, Sun God, Sani Bhagwan are in the Mahamandap. Lord Chandeswarar Brahmmotsavam is celebrated the new moon day following Shivrathri in February-March.

Chandikeswara among the 63 Nayanmars is the only one with Easwara title. Seignalur near this place is his birth place. Tiruvaipadi is the place where he installed Linga and worshiped and attained salvation. His shrine is close to the sanctum sanctorum.

History / Legend:

Visara Saruman was the son of a Brahmin Echathan and Pavithra. He learnt all arts in his young age. His Upanayanam-sacred thread ceremony was performed when he was seven. He had no thoughts in mind but Lord Shiva alone. He saw a shepherd beating a calf that attempted to hit him. Visara Saruman took the job from him and cared for the cattle. As he was as kind as a mother, the cows produced plenty of milk.

As Visara Saruman was always drowned in Shiva thoughts, he made a Linga with the sands of Manniyar River, installed it under an Aathi tree and performed pujas and abishek with the milk he got from the cows. The cows also gave high measures of milk to their owners too. Those who saw Visara Saruman performing abishek to Lord with the milk of the cows, complained that he was wasting the milk meant for yajnas. His father too saw him doing pujas abishek from a hiding. The angry father beat him and upset the milk pots.

As Visara Saruman was deep in his worship, not knowing the person upsetting the milk pots, attacked him with a stick, still continuing his worship. The stick turned into an axe and cut the legs of the father. Lord along with Mother Parvathi granted darshan to Visara Saruman and said that he cut his father’s legs because of his devotion and thenceforth He would be his father and honoured with Kondrai flower garland He was wearing then. Lord also named him Chandikeswara.

As the Lord was happy to accept the milk-Paal in Tamil, He is praised as Paal Ukantha (accepted) Nathar-Lord, Paal Ukantha Nathar. As Visara Saruman grazed the Aas-Cows, the place came to be known as Aipadi.

Location: Located 2 Kms from Tiruppanandal, another Paadal Petra Sthalam. This sthalam is situated on the Kumbakonam - Anaikkarai road and is before Tiruppanandaal.

Temple Address & Contact Details:

Arulmighu Paalugandha Easwarar Temple
Tiruaappadi
Tiruppanandal Post
Tiruvidaimarudur Taluk
Thanjavur District
PIN 612514
Phone: 94421 67104.

Glimpse Of Sri Balukandanadha Swamy Temple:

Sri Balukandanadha Swamy Temple, Thiruvappadi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Balukandanadha Swamy Temple, Thiruvappadi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Balukandanadha Swamy Temple, Thiruvappadi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Balukandanadha Swamy Temple, Thiruvappadi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples
Sri Balukandanadha Swamy Temple, Thiruvappadi, Mayiladuthurai - 275 Shiva Temples