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The Arishadvarga: Kama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada and Maathsarya

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The Arishadvarga: Kama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada and Maathsarya
Guruji Sri Narendra Babu Sharmaji used these words Kama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada and Maathsarya which are Arishadvargas in his programme many a times. I got few mails asking for the meaning of it. So here it is.

Arishadvarga — the six passions of mind or enemies of desire, kama (lust), krodha (anger), lobha (greed), moha (delusion), mada (pride) and matsarya (jealousy), the negative characteristics which prevent man from realizing the atman (Reality that is his True Being).
kama — lust, craze, desire
krodha — anger, hatred
lobha — greed, miserliness, narrow minded
moha — delusory emotional attachment
mada or ahankara — pride, stubborn mindedness
matsarya — envy, jealousy, show or vanity, and pride

These are the traits of character which we have to avoid. These are the obstacles in the path of one who seeks Liberation from the cycle of Birth and Death?. This causes human being to lose knowledge of his True Being. These are six internal enemies.

Q. What is Kama?
A. Desire for riches, property, honour, status, fame, children; why list the lot? Attachment to all things of this sensory world, this false, temporary, impure world.

Q. What is Krodha?
A. Yearning to harm others and cause ruin to them.

Q. What is Lobha?
A. Determination that no one else should partake of even a small fraction of what one has earned or what one has; also, that even in times of distress, one's possessions should not be diminished by use.

Q. What is Moha?
A. The delusion that some people are nearer to one than others and the desire to please them more than others, leading to exertions for earning and accumulating for their sake.

Q. What is Mada?
A. Mada means the swagger that develops when one feels that he has either scholarship or strength or riches or fame, more than others. Even when one has not got these, Mada makes men move about without reverence for elders and consideration for others' feelings and craving only for one's own comfort and security. Mada is extreme egoism.

Q. What is Maathsarya?
A. When others are as happy as yourself, Maathsry makes one miserable; one cannot tolerate it.


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