|Sl no.||Indian Names||Western Names||Sex|
Male Planets: Sun (Ravi) ; Mars (Kuja) ; Jupiter (Guru).
Female Planets: Moon (Chandra) ; Venus (Sukra) ; Dragon's Head (Rahu).
Neutral Planets (Napumsaka Grahagalu): Mercury (Budha) ; Saturn (Sani) ; Dragon's Tail (Ketu).
Nakshatras, Padas and Rashis
Next Guruji spoke on Nakshatras, Padas and Rashis and their elements. First let us see the table on Rashis and their elements. The four elements are Fire (Tejas/Agni) ; Earth (Bhoomi/Prithivi) ; Air (Vayu) ; Water (Jala).
|Sl no.||Sanskrit Name||Western/Greek Name||Tattva (Element)|
Few words from Brahmanda Guruji on this table: Before getting marriage, consult a good astrologer with your horoscopes. Before getting more detail, this table will help you. The above table consists of four elements Fire, Earth, Air and Water.
The combination of Fire and Water will not work likewise combination of Fire and Earth will also not work. The good combinations are Fire and Air as well as Earth and Water. It can also be with same element combination like Fire with Fire or Water with Water.
THE SIGN OF PADAS:
There are 27 Nakshatras. Every Nakshatra measures 13.20' (13 degrees and 20 minutes).
Each Nakshatra is divided into 4 parts of 3.20’ (3 degrees and 20 minutes). These parts are called padas. Each pada has the characteristics of a sign of the zodiac, starting with Aries. Therefore, the pada system can be seen as a system which integrates the Nakshatras with the commonly used zodiac. In each Nakshatra there are 4 padas. Therefore, in 3 Nakshatras we have 12 padas. Because each pada represents a sign of the zodiac in a group of 3 Nakshatras we find the entire zodiac in the form of padasigns.
Now each sign of the zodiac covers 2 ¼ Nakshatras. That is 4 + 4 + 1 = 9 padas.
Here is a list or table of Nakshatra and Rashi and Nakshatra which belong to its corresponding Rashi:
|Sl no.||Zodiac||Nakshatras with padas|
|1.||Mesha (Aries)||Ashwini Nakshatra ; Bharani Nakshatra ; Krittika Nakshatra 1st pada|
|2.||Vrushabha (Taurus)||Krittika Nakshatra 2, 3, and 4th padas ; Rohini Nakshatra ; Mrigashira Nakshatra 1, 2 padas|
|3.||Mithuna (Gemini)||Mrigashira Nakshatra 3, 4 padas ; Ardra Nakshatra ; Punarvasu Nakshatra 1, 2, 3 padas|
|4.||Kataka (Cancer)||Punarvasu Nakshatra 4th pada ; Pushya Nakshatra ; Ashlesha Nakshatra 1,2,3,4 Padas|
|5.||Simha (Leo)||Magha Nakshatra ; Pubba Nakshatra or Purva Falguni Nakshatra ; Uttara Nakshatra 1st pada|
|6.||Kanya (Virgo)||Uttara or Uttara Falguni Nakshatra 2, 3, 4 padas ; Hastha Nakshatra ; Chitta Nakshatra 1, 2 padas|
|7.||Tula (Libra)||Chitta Nakshatra or Chitra Nakshatra 3, 4 padas ; Swathi Nakshatra ; Visakha Nakshatra 1, 2, 3 padas|
|8.||Vrishchika (Scorpio)||Visakha Nakshatra 4th pada ; Anuradha Nakshatra ; Jyeshta Nakshatra 1,2,3,4 padas|
|9.||Dhanus (Saggitarius)||Moola Nakshatra ; Purvashada Nakshatra ; Uttarashada Nakshatra 1st pada|
|10.||Makara (Capricorn)||Uttarashada Nakshatra 2, 3, 4 padas ; Shravana Nakshatra ; Dhanishta Nakshatram 1, 2 padas|
|11.||Kumbha (Aquarius)||Dhanishta Nakshatra 3, 4 padas ; Shatabhisha Nakshatra ; Purvabhadra Nakshatra 1, 2, 3 Padas|
|12.||Meena (Pisces)||Purvabhadra Nakshatra 4th pada ; Uttarabhadra Nakshatra ; Revati Nakshatra|
THE NAKSHATRAS AND THE FOUR AIMS OF LIFE:
Life has four aims:
- Dharma: doing what you are supposed to do. Fulfilling your soul in daily activities
- Artha: generating income and wealth so you can provide shelter and food for your body.
- Kama: going after your desires.
- Moksha: liberating your soul.
Every Nakshatra represents an energy in which one aim is stressed. Therefore, by looking at which planets are in which Nakshatras we can find out which aims of life are stressed in the life of a person.
At first sight there seems to be a connection between these aims and the elements. It is easy to see a connection between fire and Dharma, earth and Artha, air and Kama and moskha and water. However there is another division of Nakshatras in tattvas (elements). This is a different division then the division in aims of life.
The way the Nakshatras are divided among the aims of life is interesting. At first, the order of the aims is the same as the order of the signs which represents the connected elements in the zodiac.
We all know that the first sign in the zodiac is Aries (fire), then Taurus (earth), Gemini (air) and Cancer (water).
Now the first Nakshatra Ashwini is a Dharma Nakshatra, the second Nakshatra Bharani is a Artha Nakshatra, the third Krittika is a Kama Nakshatra and the fourth Rohini is a Moksha Nakshatra.
Then however something different happens. The fifth Nakshatra Mrigashirsha is also a Moksha Nakshatra and from then, the order is going backwards. So the sixth Nakshatra Ardra is a Kama Nakshatra, the seventh Punarvasu is an Artha Nakshatra and the eighth Pushya a
Now we have returned at the ‘first aim’ Dharma again. The ninth Nakshatra Ashlesha is still a Dharma Nakshatra. From then, we go onwards: the tenth Nakshatra Magha is Artha, the eleventh Purva Phalguni is Kama, the twelfth Uttara Phalguni is Moksha.
From then, the same thing happens as with Rohini. Again the next Nakshatra Hasta is a Moksha Nakshatra and from then, we go backwards: Chitra is Kama, Swati is Artha and Vishakha is Dharma.
As can be expected there follows another Dharma Nakshatra which is Anuradha, then we have an Artha Nakshatra Jyeshta, a Kama Nakshatra Mula and a Moksha Nakshatra Purvashadha.
At this point, something happens which may surprise us. At first what happens is very much what we would have expected. There comes another Moksha Nakshatra, which is Utturashadha, but then we seem to skip the Kama Nakshatra and go right to an Artha Nakshatra which is Shravana and then we come to a Dharma Nakshatra which is Dhanista.
Of course, it is interesting to know why we skip the Kama Nakshatra. The answer seems to be that in the past there used to be a system of 28 Nakshatras. The 28st Nakshatra is Abhijit. This Nakshatra is located between Purvashadha and Shravana. It is the only Nakshatra of which the main star Vega is located far away from the ecliptic. That is also why it is hard to locate it on the ecliptic and probably one reason why it is skipped.
However, some fifteen thousand years ago Vega used to be the polestar. In the past, this Nakshatra could be very important. The fact that the deity which belongs to this Nakshatra is Brahma, the creator, seems to underline this. Today, this Nakshatra is sometimes used for religious purposes, but is not a standard part of the system.
However, let us go back to the order of Nakshatras. We have arrived at Dhanistha, which is a Dharma Nakshatra. Now we will find as expected another Dharma Nakshatra, which is Shatabhishak. Then comes an Artha Nakshatra Purva Bhadrapada, a Kama Nakshatra Uttara Bhadrapada and we end with a Moksha Nakshatra Revati.
It is interesting that we start the sequence of Nakshatras with the Nakshatra Ashwini which is a Dharma Nakshatra (that has to do with finding our purpose in life) and end with a Moksha Nakshatra which is about spiritual liberation.
But According to Guruji Shri Narendra Babu Sharmaji, the zodiac/rashi signs which has Fire element comes under Dharma.
The zodiac/rashi signs which has Earth element, comes under Artha.
The zodiac/rashi signs which has Air element, comes under Kama.
The zodiac/rashi signs which has Water element, comes under Moksha.