No abhishekam is performed on the idol ' it is coated instead with punugu, the oily, perfumed secretion of the civet cat. For Rs 400, you can see the idol adorned in a golden pavadai (long skirt) and blouse. The skirt, as beautifully pleated and etched as if it were made of fabric, is a truly magnificent piece of adornment.
It is said to be that before waging war with Tanjan asuran Lord Shiva Placed the Ashta Sakthi one at each of eight direction, and the one situated at the eastern direction is now called as Punnainallur Mariamman.
The Maratha King Venkoji maharaja chatrapathi is a devotee of Mariamman. He decided to go for a pilgrimage to Tiruchirapalli to visit Samayapuram Mariamman. On his midway of traveling towards Tiruchirapalli, he took rest under a tree shade. Suddenly in his dream Mariamman showed up and told, that she is in a forest of Punnai trees at a distance of about 3 miles from Thanjavur. The King rushed to the spot indicated to him and he saw a white-ant hill (Putru) and started building a temple around it and thus the temple originated.
The Maratha rulers Thulaja, Serfoji also worshiped and renovated the temple in their ruling period. It is said that the daughter of Tulaja Raja (1729-35) of Thanjavur, who lost her eyesight in an illness, regained it on offering worship at this temple
Saint Sathasiva Brahmendral visited this place, installed Srichakram and shaped a face of Mariamman over the Putru. Hence there is no anointing to the deity, instead all anointing are done to Vishnu Durgai and Proceeding deity near the sanctum. Once in five years Thailabishekam (Punugu sattam) is placed for a period of forty eight days over the putru, during that time a curtain is placed drawn with image of Amman.
Even now during summer we can see a water pellet (sweat) in Goddess face and forehead. Hence to reduce the heat in the sanctum water is filled around it.
The goddess cures her devotees of all physical ailments. A charismatic yet considerate form is seen here. Mud replicas of the different parts of the human body are placed in the temple as an offering and pleading the mother for cure.
In the month of 'Purattasi' (September-October) the Floating Festival(Theppam) takes place in the holy tank located at the temple. Brahmotsavam takes place in the months of 'Adi-Avani' (August). Navarathri , Mahasivarathiri are the famous festivals celebrated here.
In general all Fridays are special. In particular the Fridays of the Tamil month Aadi will be more special. Sundays are considered to be the most auspicious days for worshipping the Mariamman.
The main entrance with five stages Rajagopuram, shrines for vinayaga and subramaniar, Kodi sthampam, palipeedam, Saint Sathasiva brahmendral's statue on top left, Salt vessel, left side shrine for Paechiamman, Naga prathistai in first prahar, vasanthamandap are seen.
Temple Timings:6 am t0 12 pm and 4 pm to 8 pm
Temple Telephone Number:PH: 04362-267740.
Temple Address:Arulmigu Punnainallur Mariamman Kovil
Mariamman koil (P.O)