Menstruating Goddess of Kamakhya Temple, Assam

10/02/2012 06:15:00 AM , , , , 2 Comments

Menstruating Goddess of Kamakhya Temple, Assam
Kamakhya Temple, which is situated at the top of the Nilachal Hill at about 800 feet above the sea level. The entire temple complex not only comprises of many other temples but also a whole set of people connected with them. Apart from the main devi temple, it also comprises of some other major temples of devi Kali, Tara, Bagala, Chinnamasta, Bhuvanesvari, Bhairavi and Dhumavati.

Menstruating Goddess of Kamakhya Temple, Assam
There are some other temples of various goddess can be seen in the complex. They are the Sitala Temple, the Lalita Kanta Temple, The jaya Durga Temple, the Vana Durga Temple, the Rajarajesvari Temple, the Smasanakali temple, the kail temple of Abhayananda dharmashala and the Sankhesvari temple. There are five temples of Lord Shiva in the Kamakhya complex. They belongs to different forms of Lord Shiva like Kamesvara (Umananda), Siddhesvara, Amratokesvara (Heruka), Aghpra, and kotilinga (Tatpurusa).

The complex also contains three temples of Lord Visnu. They are as the Kedara (Kamalesvara), situated near the northern side of the main temple, as the Gadadhara, situated in the north-western direction of the Kamakhya temple, and as Pandunath, which is situated in the eastern foothills of Nilachal also known as Pandu.

Legend of Kamakhaya:

Once Naraka, motivated by his carnal desire, wanted to marry Devi Kamakhya. When proposed, the goddess playfully put a condition before him. If Naraka would be able to build a staircase from the bottom of the Nilachal hill to the temple within one night, then she would surely marry him.

Menstruating Goddess of Kamakhya Temple, Assam
Naraka took it as a challenge and tried all with his might to do this marathon task. He was almost about to accomplish the job when the Devi, panic-stricken as she was to see this, played a trick on him. She strangled a cock and made it crow untimely to give the impression of dawn to Naraka. Duped by the trick even Naraka thought that it was a futile job and left it half way through. Later he chased the cock and killed it in a place which is now known as Kukurakata, situated in the district of Darrang. The incomplete staircase is known as Mekhelauja path.

Different Types of Puja:

Apart from the daily puja offered to the Devi, a number of special pujas are also held round the year in the Kamakhya Temple. These pujas are Durga Puja, Pohan Biya, Durgadeul, Vasanti Puja, Madandeul, Ambuvaci and Manasa Puja. These pujas accompanied by manani pujas are also held according to daksinacara method of Tantric tradition.

Menstruating Goddess of Kamakhya Temple, Assam
Durga Puja : The worship of Goddess Durga is held for sixteen days at a stretch during the month of Asvina.

Pohan Bia : A symbolic marriage between Lord Kamesvara and Kamesvari during the month of Pausa.

Durgadeul : During the month of Phalguna, Durgadeul is observed in the kamakhya temple.

Vasanti Puja : This puja is held at the Kamakhya temple durinh the month of Caitra.

Madandeul : This deul is observed during the month of Caitra when Lord Kamadeva or Kamesvara is offered special pujas.

Ambubachi : Being a mother figure, Devi Kamakhya also undergoes menstruation period on an yearly basis during the early part of the month Ahar, which is observed as Ambubachi.

Manasa Puja : Manasa puja is observed from the Sankranti of Sravana and continues upto the second day of Bhadra.

Menstruating Goddess of Kamakhya Temple, Assam

Ambubachi Mela:

Ambubachi Mela, also known as Ambubasi festival, is held annually during monsoon in the Kamakhya Devi Temple at Guwahati, Assam. The Ambubachi festival is closely related to the Tantric cult and is also known as Kamkhya Devi Puja. It is believed that Goddess Kamakhya goes through her menstrual cycle during these days and therefore the temple remains closed for three days. Ambubachi Mela is also known as Ameti or Tantric fertility festival and is a four-day mela (fair).

It is widely believed that Goddess Kamakhya goes through her yearly menstrual cycle during the Ambubachi days. The temple remains closed for three days – the menstruation period.

Menstruating Goddess of Kamakhya Temple, Assam
People in large numbers wait outside the temple on the fourth day, when the temple will be opened. Sanyasins and Pandas from around the country assemble at the Kamakhya temple during this period.

Large number of devotees make a mad rush when the temple reopens to receive the unique ‘prasad’ which is small bits of cloth, which is supposedly moist with the menstrual fluid of Goddess Kamakhya. It is considered highly auspicious and powerful.

The prasad is distributed in two forms – Angodak and Angabastra. Angodak literally means the fluid part of the body - water from the spring and Angabastra literally means the cloth covering the body - a piece of the red cloth used to cover the stone yoni during the days of menstruation.

Daily Events:
5:30 AM Snana of the Pithasthana.
6:00 AM Nitya puja.
8:00 AM Temple door open for devotees.
1:00 PM Temple door closed for cooked offerings to the goddess followed by distribution among the devotees.
2:30 PM Temple door reopens for the devotees.
5:30 PM Aarati of Goddess followed by closing of the temple door for the night.

Temple Contact Details:

Official Address of The Kamakhya Debutter Board :
Office of The Kamakhya Debutter Board,
Kamakhya Temple Complex,
Kamakhya, Guwahati - 781010,
Assam.
Phone : + 91-0361-2734624, + 91-0361-2734654

The above mentioned office can also be contacted for the marriage registration purpose under the indian constitution.
The office timing is from 8 :00 A.M. to 5:30 P.M.

2 comments:

  1. Really a wonderful blog with lots of useful information. Kamakhya Temple is one of the Shakti Peetha amongst 51 Shakti Peetha in India. This post provides you amazing information with beautiful images with nice bit of description. You can find many other temples too, in fact this places is a group of many temples including Kamakhya Devi Temple.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you writing this post and
    also the rest of the site is really good.

    ReplyDelete