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Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple (Thanjaimamani), Thanjavur - Divya Desam 19

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Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple, (Thanjaimamani), Thanjavur - Divya Desam 19
Divya Desams refer to the 108 Vishnu temples that are mentioned in the works of the Tamil Azhvars (saints). Divya in the Tamil language indicates "premium" and Desam indicates "place" (temple). Of the 108 temples, 105 are located in India, one in Nepal and two outside of the Earthly realms. Most of the Divya Desams in Tamil Nadu follow the Thenkalai tradition. This includes the important temples of Srirangam and Triplicane.

The Divya Desams are revered by the 12 Azhvars in the Divya Prabandha, a collection of 4,000 Tamil verses. Lord Shiva, the other major deity in Hinduism, is similarly associated with the Paadal Petra Sthalams, 275 Shiva temples which are praised in the Tevaram canon by the 63 Nayanars.

Divya Desam 19 - Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple:

Moolavar : Neelamegar, Veera Narasimhar, Manikundrar
Urchavar : Narayanar
Amman / Thayar : Sengamalavalli, Thanjai Nayaki, Ambujavalli
Thala Virutcham : Magizham
Theertham : Amirtha Theertham
Agamam / Pooja : Vaikanasam
Old year : 1000-2000 years old
Vimanam : Soundarya Vimaanam
Historical Name : Thanjamapuri
City : Thanjavur
District : Thanjavur
State : Tamil Nadu

Thiru Thanjaimamani Koil is one of the 108 Divya Desams of Lord Vishnu located on the river banks of Vennar in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. The three Temples of Lord Sriman Narayana positioned here are Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple, Thiru Manikundram and Thiru Thanjayali temple considered as one Divya Desam. Brahmanda Puranam describes the grandeur of this sacred land. The three Vaishnavaite saints Thirumangai Alwar, Boothathalwar and Nammalvar sung praising the glories of Lord Sriman Narayana in this temple.

01. Thiru Thanjaimamani Koil – Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple:
Presiding deity – Utsavar – Sriman Narayanan,Sri Neelamega Perumal with his consort Goddess Sembakavalli Thayar/Senkamalavalli Thayar
Pratyaksham to – Sage Parasara
Mangalasasanam – Sri Thirumangai Alwar, Boothathalwar, Nammalwar
Pushkarani – Viraja Nadhi/Vinnaru/Vennar
Sannidhis – Lord Hayagreevah, Alwars, Sri Vedantha Desikar, Sri Garuda Alwar

Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple, (Thanjaimamani), Thanjavur - Divya Desam 19
02. Thiru Manikundram:
Presiding deity – Utsavar – Sriman Narayanan, Sri Manikundra Perumal with his consort Goddess Sri Ambujavalli Thayar
Pratyaksham to - Sage Markandeya
Mangalasasanam – Sri Thirumangai Alwar, Boothathalwar, Nammalwar
Pushkarani – Viraja Nadhi/Vinnaru/Vennar

Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple, (Thanjaimamani), Thanjavur - Divya Desam 19
03. Thiru Thanjayali Nagar:
Presiding deity –Utsavar – Sriman Narayanan, Lord Narasimha with his consort Goddess Sri Thanjai Nayaki
Pratyaksham to – Sage Markandeya
Mangalasasanam – Sri Thirumangai Alwar, Boothathalwar, Nammalwar
Pushkarani – Viraja Nadhi/Vinnaru/Vennar

Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple, (Thanjaimamani), Thanjavur - Divya Desam 19

Temple History:

The legend has that in Kritha Yuga there were three demons Thanjakan, Thandakan and Gajamukhan underwent severe penance praying to Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva was pleased at the devotion of the three demons and appeared before them. The demons requested for a boon of immortality to Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva advised them that Lord Vishnu as a Preserver could provide such a boon. However Lord Shiva provided them with a boon that he will do no harm to them.

The three demons were turned out haughty with the extra-ordinary boon provided by Lord Shiva and they started harassing entire deities and Rishis. In the meantime, the entire universe had undergone severe drought and famine. Surprisingly, there was only one sacred land remained undisturbed where Sage Parasara was following severe austerities and propitiating Lord Hari. The three demons arrived on this land; they started assaulting Sage Parasara and tried all their arrogant means to vanquish him from this lush green land. Sage Parasara called out for Lord Hari loudly for help.

Instantaneously, Lord Sriman Narayana sent Garuda to kill the army of demons. At last, Lord himself appeared before the demons and beheaded all of them. Thanjakan regretted about his deeds and begged to pardon him. Thus, the sacred land has got its name Thanjakanur and later years came to known as ‘Thanjavur’.

Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple, (Thanjaimamani), Thanjavur - Divya Desam 19
The demon Gajamukhan appeared as an elephant (Yali) and entered in a battle with Lord. Lord Sriman Narayana took the form of a half-man and half-lion form (Lord Narasimha) and killed him. Gajamukhan also regretted at his misdeeds and begged to pardon him. Thus, this place came to known as ‘Thanjayali’.

The demon Thandakan found shelter in Patal Loka, Lord took the form of a wild boar (Varaha) plunged into Patal Loka and killed him. He also realized his stupidity and begged for pardon. The place where Thandakan was got killed came to known as Dhandakaranyam. Lord appeared as ‘Bhuvaraha Murthy’ on the Earth after beheading Thandakan, this sacred place is known as Thirumuttam – Srimushnam. Finally, the most compassionate Lord provided all three demons with salvation.

Temple Greatness:

Lord Mahavishnu Himself is in the discus as Chakarathazhwar in Veera Narasimhar temple. The idol is beautifully sculptured showing Lord placing His hand on an elephant. There is also an idol nearby worshipping Lord. The portrayal is described as Thanjakasura (the elephant) and the little idol as the demon figure worshipping the Lord after correcting himself of his bad traits. Thus, it is taught that pardon is available to the wicked correcting themselves. Behind is Lord Yoga Narasimha in sitting posture with Hiranyakasibu and Prahladha. Darshan of Chakarathazhwar is considered very important.

Mother Mahalakshmi on the left of Lord of Narasimha is on His right in the shrine at Neelamega Perumal temple prakara in sitting form. This Narasimha is also called Valavandhai (right side) Narasimha. Lord Narasimha was in high fury after killing Hiranya. As Mahalaskhmi would be absent in places dominated by anger, She has chosen the right side, it is said. It is advised that those of short tempered nature should correct themselves if they wish to have the grace of Mother Mahalakshmi.

Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple, (Thanjaimamani), Thanjavur - Divya Desam 19
Lord Vishnu who destroyed the demons graces in three separate temples as Neelamegar, Manikundra Perumal and Veera Narasimha in three forms. Saints Boodhathazhwar and Tirumangai Azhwar had sung the glory of the three Perumals together in their hymns. The three temples form a single Divya Desa. Saint Tirumangai Azhwar had sung the Mangalasasanam twice for the temple. Lord Veera Narasimhar blesses the devotees from the sanctum sanctorum along with Mothers Sridevi and Bhoodevi. Instead of abishek only Thailakappu is done for the three presiding deities.

As procession deity, Neelamega Perumal is holding the Sengol-the royal stick of authority. Procession Mother is wearing a crown of Fire but soft and smiling in look. Sage Parasara is in the sanctum in worshipping posture.

Lord Hayagriva the authority of Wisdom is facing north with Mother Mahalakshmi the Goddess of Wealth. Devotees worship Lord and Mother offering cardamom garlands, light ghee lamps with sugar candy as niedhana to gain academic excellence.

Presiding Lord appears in a sitting posture. The Lord is Veera Narasimhar in Singaperumal Koil. Sri Yoga Narasimha is in the front Mandap. Also Sri Lakshmi Narasimha is in the prakara of Neelmega Perumal temple, Abhayavaradha Narasimhar on the Garudazhwar Vimana and Kambathadi Yoga Narasimha on the pillar of Thayar shrine. Thus there are Five Narasimha Lords in the temple.

Temple Timings:

Perumal temple is open from 8.00 a.m. to 11.00 a.m and from 5.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m. To visit the other two temples, the devotee has to take the priest with him/her.


Singaperumal koil is 3 km from Thanjavur old bus stand on the Kumbakonam route. The three temples are nearby to one another.

Temple Contact Details:

Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple
Thanjavur (Dist)
Tamil Nadu
Phone: 04362 - 223384.
Contact Person – Sri S.Ramanujam – 04362-281488 / 9952468956,
S/o Sri Srinivasa Battachariar (Sri Rangam).


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